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Osteoporosis: What do you know?

Osteoporosis: What do you know?

Osteoporosis, according to the World Health Organization (WHO, 1994), is a bone mineral density (BMD) 2.5 SD (standard deviation) or more below the adult peak mean. This debilitating musculoskeletal disease is characterized by loss of bone mass, low bone mineral density, reduced bone strength, and increased bone fragility. Currently there are about 8.5 million women in the United States living with osteoporosis. Osteoporosis, due to the absence of symptoms until a fragility fracture occurs can be considered a silent threat to a woman’s health.

Cause

Estrogen deficiency, and the subsequent effect on bone deterioration that occurs with natural menopause (cessation of menses for one year) or surgically induced menopause, (cessation of menses due to removal of ovaries) has been cited as the cause and primary risk factor for osteoporosis. Both natural and surgically induced menopause are risk factors for osteoporosis. Age, female gender, and heredity are also risk factors for osteoporosis.

Impact

Osteoporosis, is a chronic disease that can have a negative impact on an individuals’ self-confidence, body image, mental status, physical, social, and economic well-being due to the changes in the quality of life, and potential loss of independence.

Modifiable Risk Factors

Decrease caffeine, decrease salt intake, stop smoking, decrease alcohol consumption, limit or modify protein intake.

Preventive Strategies

Increase physical activity (3-4 times a week for 30-40 minutes).

Weight bearing exercises, such as, walking, running, tennis, dancing, hiking, climbing stairs, etc.

Consult with your health care provider, regarding ongoing steroid use.

Have adequate calcium intake, if not contraindicated. (600-1000mg daily). Calcium rich foods, such as, dairy, green leafy vegetables, beans, citrus, almonds beans. Consult with your primary care provider.

Increase vitamin D intake, (600IU daily), if not contraindicated. Vitamin D rich foods, such as, salmon, tuna, beef, liver, cheese, yogurt. Consult with your primary care provider.

Bone Density Screening

The current recommendation to begin screening is age 65, or age 50 for those individuals with a high clinical risk, such as, frequent fractures and family history of osteoporosis.

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We proudly serve patients needing gynecology services, obstetrics and overall women's health in the following areas of Alamo Heights, Olmos Park, Castle Hills, Medical Center, Hill Country, Stone Oak, Hollywood Park, Downtown, Bulverde, Spring Branch, Leon Springs, Boerne, Alamo Ranch and many other neighborhoods in the greater San Antonio. Our main office is located at 7711 Louis Pasteur Dr. Suite 200, San Antonio, Texas 78229 and our second location is located at 9842 Westover Hills Blvd, Suite 115, San Antonio, Texas 78251.